Artificial Intelligence with 2nd Gen Intel® Xeon® Scalable Processor

The 2nd Gen Intel® Xeon® Scalable processor provides scalable performance for the widest variety of datacenter workloads – including deep learning. The new 2nd Gen Intel® Xeon® Scalable processor platform offers built-in Return on Investment (ROI), potent performance and production-ready support for AI deployments.

In our smart and connected world, machines are increasingly learning to sense, reason, act, and adapt in the real world. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the next big wave of computing, and Intel uniquely has the experience to fuel the AI computing era. AI will let us accelerate solutions to large-scale problems that would otherwise take months, years, or decades to resolve.

AI is expected to unleash new scientific discoveries, automate monotonous tasks and extend our human senses and capabilities. Today, machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) are two underlying approaches to AI, as are reasoning-based systems.

Deep learning is the most rapidly emerging branch of machine learning, in many cases supplanting classic ML, relying on massive labeled data sets to iteratively “train” many-layered neural networks inspired by the human brain. Trained neural networks are used to “infer” the meaning of new data, with increased speed and accuracy for processes like image search, speech recognition, natural language processing, and other complex tasks.

The 2nd Generation Intel® Xeon® Scalable processors take AI performance to the next level with Intel® Deep Learning Boost (Intel® DL Boost), a new set of embedded processor technologies designed to accelerate AI deep learning use cases such as image recognition, object detection, speech recognition, language translation and others. It extends Intel® Advanced Vector Extensions 512 (Intel® AVX-512) with a new Vector Neural Network Instruction (VNNI) that significantly increases deep learning inference performance over previous generations. With 2nd Gen Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processors and Intel® Deep Learning Boost (Intel® DL Boost), we project that image recognition with Intel optimized Caffe ResNet-50 can perform up to 14x1 faster than on prior generation Intel® Xeon® Scalable processors (at launch, July 2017).

Performance data as of April 2, 2019.1 2 3 4

ResNet-50 Performance with Intel® Optimization for Caffe*

Designed for high performance computing, advanced artificial intelligence and analytics, and high density infrastructures Intel® Xeon® Platinum 9200 processors deliver breakthrough levels of performance. Using Intel® Deep Learning Boost (Intel® DL Boost) combined with Intel optimized Caffe, new breakthrough levels of performance can be achieved. Here we show the throughput on an image classification topology – ResNet-50 on the 2nd Generation Intel® Xeon Scalable processor.

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Configuration Details

Max Inference throughput at <7ms

Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor: Tested by Intel as of 3/04/2019. 2S Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280(28 cores per socket) processor, HT ON, turbo ON, Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32 GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0348.011820191451, Centos 7 Kernel 3.10.0-957.5.1.el7.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Intel® Optimization for Caffe* version: https://github.com/intel/caffe Commit id: 362a3b3, ICC 2019.2.187 for build, MKL DNN version: v0.17 (commit hash: 830a10059a018cd2634d94195140cf2d8790a75a), model: https://github.com/intel/caffe/blob/master/models/intel_optimized_models/int8/resnet50_int8_full_conv.prototxt, BS=10, synthetic Data:3x224x224, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8; latency: 6.16 ms.

Intel® Xeon® Platinum 9242 processor: Tested by Intel as of 3/04/2019 2S Intel® Xeon® Platinum 9242(48 cores per socket) processor, HT ON, turbo ON, Total Memory 768 GB (24 slots/ 32 GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0403.022020190327, Centos 7 Kernel 3.10.0-957.5.1.el7.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Intel® Optimization for Caffe* version: https://github.com/intel/caffe Commit id: 362a3b3, ICC 2019.2.187 for build, MKL DNN version: v0.17 (commit hash: 830a10059a018cd2634d94195140cf2d8790a75a), model: https://github.com/intel/caffe/blob/master/models/intel_optimized_models/int8/resnet50_int8_full_conv.prototxt, BS= 8, synthetic Data:3x224x224, 4 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8; latency: 6.90 ms.

Intel® Xeon® Platinum 9282 processor: Tested by Intel as of 3/04/2019. DL Inference: Platform: Dragon rock 2S Intel® Xeon® Platinum 9282(56 cores per socket) processor, HT ON, turbo ON, Total Memory 768 GB (24 slots/ 32 GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0241.112020180249, Centos 7 Kernel 3.10.0-957.5.1.el7.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Intel® Optimization for Caffe* version: https://github.com/intel/caffe Commit id: 362a3b3, ICC 2019.2.187 for build, MKL DNN version: v0.17 (commit hash: 830a10059a018cd2634d94195140cf2d8790a75a), model: https://github.com/intel/caffe/blob/master/models/intel_optimized_models/int8/resnet50_int8_full_conv.prototxt, BS=12, synthetic Data:3x224x224, 4 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8; latency: 6.91 ms.

Max Inference throughput

Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor: Tested by Intel as of 3/04/2019. 2S Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280(28 cores per socket) processor, HT ON, turbo ON, Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32 GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0348.011820191451, Centos 7 Kernel 3.10.0-957.5.1.el7.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Intel® Optimization for Caffe* version: https://github.com/intel/caffe Commit id: 362a3b3, ICC 2019.2.187 for build, MKL DNN version: v0.17 (commit hash: 830a10059a018cd2634d94195140cf2d8790a75a), model: https://github.com/intel/caffe/blob/master/models/intel_optimized_models/int8/resnet50_int8_full_conv.prototxt, BS=10, syntheticData:3x224x224, 14 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8.

Intel® Xeon® Platinum 9242 processor: Tested by Intel as of 3/04/2019 2S Intel® Xeon® Platinum 9242(48 cores per socket) processor, HT ON, turbo ON, Total Memory 768 GB (24 slots/ 32 GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0403.022020190327, Centos 7 Kernel 3.10.0-957.5.1.el7.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Intel® Optimization for Caffe* version: https://github.com/intel/caffe Commit id: 362a3b3, ICC 2019.2.187 for build, MKL DNN version: v0.17 (commit hash: 830a10059a018cd2634d94195140cf2d8790a75a), model: https://github.com/intel/caffe/blob/master/models/intel_optimized_models/int8/resnet50_int8_full_conv.prototxt, BS=8, synthetic Data:3x224x224, 24 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8.

Intel® Xeon® Platinum 9282 processor: Tested by Intel as of 3/04/2019. DL Inference: Platform: Dragon rock 2S Intel® Xeon® Platinum 9282(56 cores per socket) processor, HT ON, turbo ON, Total Memory 768 GB (24 slots/ 32 GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0241.112020180249, Centos 7 Kernel 3.10.0-957.5.1.el7.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Intel® Optimization for Caffe*
version: https://github.com/intel/caffe Commit id: 362a3b3, ICC 2019.2.187 for build, MKL DNN version: v0.17 (commit hash: 830a10059a018cd2634d94195140cf2d8790a75a), model: https://github.com/intel/caffe/blob/master/models/intel_optimized_models/int8/resnet50_int8_full_conv.prototxt, BS=8, synthetic Data:3x224x224, 28 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8.

BKMs for running multi-stream configurations on Xeon: https://www.intel.ai/wp-content/uploads/sites/69/TensorFlow_Best_Practices_Intel_Xeon_AI-HPC_v1.1_Q119.pdf

ResNet-50 Inference Throughput Performance

Inference generally happens instantaneously at the edge or in the data center, such as when a new photo is uploaded for inspection. Inference output can be fed into a number of different usages including – a dashboard for visualization or a decision tree for automatic decision making. Here we show inference throughput on an image database using multiple popular deep learning frameworks such as Caffe, TensorFlow, Pytorch and MxNet with the ResNet-50 topology.

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Configuration Details

3.0x performance boost with MxNet on ResNet-50: Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode:0x4000013),CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: MxNet https://github.com/apache/incubator-mxnet/ -b master da5242b732de39ad47d8ecee582f261ba5935fa9, Compiler: gcc 4.8.5,MKL DNN version: v0.17, ResNet50: https://github.com/apache/incubator-MXNet/blob/master/python/MXNet/gluon/model_zoo/vision/resnet.py, BS=64, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, 0.12% accuracy loss ,Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2633 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0286.121520181757, CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: MxNet https://github.com/apache/incubator-mxnet/ -b master da5242b732de39ad47d8ecee582f261ba5935fa9, Compiler: gcc 4.8.5,MKL DNN version: v0.17, ResNet50: https://github.com/apache/incubator-MXNet/blob/master/python/MXNet/gluon/model_zoo/vision/resnet.py, BS=64, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32

3.7x performance boost with Pytorch ResNet-50: Tested by Intel as of 2/25/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode: 0x4000013), Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS, kernel 4.15.0-45-generic, SSD 1x sda INTEL SSDSC2BA80 SSD 745.2GB, 3X INTEL SSDPE2KX040T7 SSD 3.7TB , Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Pytorch with ONNX/Caffe2 backend: https://github.com/pytorch/pytorch.git (commit: 4ac91b2d64eeea5ca21083831db5950dc08441d6)and Pull Request link: https://github.com/pytorch/pytorch/pull/17464 (submitted for upstreaming), gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-27ubuntu1~18.04) 7.3.0, MKL DNN version: v0.17.3 (commit hash: 0c3cb94999919d33e4875177fdef662bd9413dd4), ResNet-50: https://github.com/intel/optimized-models/tree/master/pytorch, BS=512, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, 0.6% accuracy loss; Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 2/25/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 192 GB (12 slots/ 16GB/ 2666 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.00.01.0015.110720180833 (ucode: 0x200004d), CentOS 7.5, 3.10.0-693.el7.x86_64, Intel® SSD DC S4500 SERIES SSDSC2KB480G7 2.5’’ 6Gb/s SATA SSD 480G, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: https://github.com/pytorch/pytorch.git (commit:4ac91b2d64eeea5ca21083831db5950dc08441d6)and Pull Request link: https://github.com/pytorch/pytorch/pull/17464 (submitted for upstreaming), gcc (Red Hat 5.3.1-6) 5.3.1 20160406, MKL DNN version: v0.17.3 (commit hash: 0c3cb94999919d33e4875177fdef662bd9413dd4), ResNet-50: https://github.com/intel/optimized-models/tree/master/pytorch, BS=512, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32

3.9x performance boost with TensorFlow ResNet-50:Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode:0x4000013),CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: https://hub.docker.com/r/intelaipg/intel-optimized-tensorflow:PR25765-devel-mkl (https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow.git commit: 6f2eaa3b99c241a9c09c345e1029513bc4cd470a + Pull Request PR 25765, PR submitted for upstreaming) Compiler: gcc 6.3.0,MKL DNN version: v0.17, ResNet50: https://github.com/IntelAI/models/tree/master/models/image_recognition/tensorflow/resnet50, (commit: 87261e70a902513f934413f009364c4f2eed6642) BS=128, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, 0.45% accuracy loss Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2633 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0286.121520181757, CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: https://hub.docker.com/r/intelaipg/intel-optimized-tensorflow:PR25765-devel-mkl 6f2eaa3b99c241a9c09c345e1029513bc4cd470a + PR25765, PR submitted for upstreaming) Compiler: gcc 6.3.0,MKL DNN version: v0.17, ResNet50: https://github.com/IntelAI/models/tree/master/models/image_recognition/tensorflow/resnet50 , (commit: 87261e70a902513f934413f009364c4f2eed6642) BS=128, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32

4.0x performance boost with Intel® Optimization for Caffe* ResNet-50: Tested by Intel as of 2/20/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode: 0x4000013), Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS, kernel 4.15.0-45-generic, SSD 1x sda INTEL SSDSC2BA80 SSD 745.2GB, 3X INTEL SSDPE2KX040T7 SSD 3.7TB , Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Intel® Optimization for Caffe* version: 1.1.3 (commit hash: 7010334f159da247db3fe3a9d96a3116ca06b09a) , ICC version 18.0.1, MKL DNN version: v0.17 (commit hash: 830a10059a018cd2634d94195140cf2d8790a75a, model: https://github.com/intel/caffe/blob/master/models/intel_optimized_models/int8/resnet50_int8_full_conv.prototxt, BS=64, syntheticData, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 2/21/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 192 GB (12 slots/ 16GB/ 2666 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.00.01.0015.110720180833 (ucode: 0x200004d), CentOS 7.5, 3.10.0-693.el7.x86_64, Intel® SSD DC S4500 SERIES SSDSC2KB480G7 2.5’’ 6Gb/s SATA SSD 480G, , Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Intel® Optimization for Caffe* version: 1.1.3 (commit hash: 7010334f159da247db3fe3a9d96a3116ca06b09a) , ICC version 18.0.1, MKL DNN version: v0.17 (commit hash: 830a10059a018cd2634d94195140cf2d8790a75a, model: https://github.com/intel/caffe/blob/master/models/intel_optimized_models/benchmark/resnet_50/deploy.prototxt, BS=64, synthetic Data, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32

Inference Throughput Performance

The 2nd Gen Intel® Xeon® Scalable processors are built specifically to run high-performance AI and IoT workloads on the same hardware as other existing workloads. Intel® Deep Learning Boost (Intel® DL Boost) can benefit many inference applications ranging from recommendation systems, Object detection and image recognition and classification. Here we show inference throughput for image classification, object detection and a recommendation system. Multiple frameworks are used including TensorFlow*, Caffe2 and MxNet* and multiple topologies such as ResNet-101, Inception v3, RETINANET*, SSD-VGG16 and Wide and Deep.

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Configuration Details

4.0x performance boost with TensorFlow ResNet-101: Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode:0x4000013),CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: https://hub.docker.com/r/intelaipg/intel-optimized-tensorflow:PR25765-devel-mkl (https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow.git commit: 6f2eaa3b99c241a9c09c345e1029513bc4cd470a + Pull Request PR 25765, PR submitted for upstreaming), Compiler: gcc 6.3.0,MKL DNN version: v0.17, ResNet 101 : https://github.com/IntelAI/models/tree/master/models/image_recognition/tensorflow/resnet101 commit: 87261e70a902513f934413f009364c4f2eed6642 , BS=128, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, 0.58% accuracy loss Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2633 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0286.121520181757, CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: https://hub.docker.com/r/intelaipg/intel-optimized-tensorflow:PR25765-devel-mkl (https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow.git commit: 6f2eaa3b99c241a9c09c345e1029513bc4cd470a + Pull Request PR 25765, PR submitted for upstreaming) Compiler: gcc 6.3.0,MKL DNN version: v0.17, ResNet 101 : https://github.com/IntelAI/models/tree/master/models/image_recognition/tensorflow/resnet101 commit: 87261e70a902513f934413f009364c4f2eed6642 , BS=128, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32

3.8x performance boost with MxNet ResNet 101: Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode:0x4000013),CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: MxNet https://github.com/apache/incubator-mxnet.git commit: da5242b732de39ad47d8ecee582f261ba5935fa9 , Compiler: gcc 4.8.5,MKL DNN version: v0.17, ResNet 101: https://github.com/apache/incubator-MXNet/blob/master/python/MXNet/gluon/model_zoo/vision/resnet.py ,BS= 64, Synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, 0.56% accuracy loss, Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2633 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0286.121520181757, CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: MxNet: https://github.com/apache/incubator-mxnet.git commit: da5242b732de39ad47d8ecee582f261ba5935fa9, Compiler: gcc 4.8.5,MKL DNN version: v0.17, ResNet 101: https://github.com/apache/incubator-MXNet/blob/master/python/MXNet/gluon/model_zoo/vision/resnet.py ,BS= 64, synthetic Data, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype:FP32

3.1x performance boost with TensorFlow Inception v3: Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode:0x4000013),CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: https://hub.docker.com/r/intelaipg/intel-optimized-tensorflow:PR25765-devel-mkl (https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow.git commit: 6f2eaa3b99c241a9c09c345e1029513bc4cd470a + Pull Request PR 25765, PR submitted for upstreaming), Compiler: gcc 6.3.0,MKL DNN version: v0.17, Inception v3 : https://github.com/IntelAI/models/tree/master/models/image_recognition/tensorflow/inceptionv3 commit: 87261e70a902513f934413f009364c4f2eed6642 , BS=128, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2633 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0286.121520181757, CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: https://hub.docker.com/r/intelaipg/intel-optimized-tensorflow:PR25765-devel-mkl (https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow.git commit: 6f2eaa3b99c241a9c09c345e1029513bc4cd470a + Pull Request PR 25765, PR submitted for upstreaming) Compiler: gcc 6.3.0,MKL DNN version: v0.17, Inception v3 : https://github.com/IntelAI/models/tree/master/models/image_recognition/tensorflow/inceptionv3 commit: 87261e70a902513f934413f009364c4f2eed6642 , BS=128, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32

2.6x performance boost with PyTorch RetinaNet: Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode: 0x4000013), Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS, kernel 4.15.0-45-generic, SSD 1x sda INTEL SSDSC2BA80 SSD 745.2GB, 3X INTEL SSDPE2KX040T7 SSD 3.7TB , Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Pytorch with ONNX/Caffe2 backend: https://github.com/pytorch/pytorch.git (commit: 4ac91b2d64eeea5ca21083831db5950dc08441d6)and Pull Request link: https://github.com/pytorch/pytorch/pull/17464 (submitted for upstreaming), gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-27ubuntu1~18.04) 7.3.0, MKL DNN version: v0.17.3 (commit hash: 0c3cb94999919d33e4875177fdef662bd9413dd4), RetinaNet: https://github.com/intel/Detectron/blob/master/configs/12_2017_baselines/retinanet_R-101-FPN_1x.yaml BS=1, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, 0.003mAP accuracy loss, Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 192 GB (12 slots/ 16GB/ 2666 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.00.01.0015.110720180833 (ucode: 0x200004d), CentOS 7.5, 3.10.0-693.el7.x86_64, Intel® SSD DC S4500 SERIES SSDSC2KB480G7 2.5’’ 6Gb/s SATA SSD 480G, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Pytorch with ONNX/Caffe2 backend: https://github.com/pytorch/pytorch.git (commit: 4ac91b2d64eeea5ca21083831db5950dc08441d6)and Pull Request link: https://github.com/pytorch/pytorch/pull/17464 (submitted for upstreaming), gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-27ubuntu1~18.04) 7.3.0, MKL DNN version: v0.17.3 (commit hash: 0c3cb94999919d33e4875177fdef662bd9413dd4), RetinaNet: https://github.com/intel/Detectron/blob/master/configs/12_2017_baselines/retinanet_R-101-FPN_1x.yaml, BS=1, synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32

2.5x performance boost with MxNet SSD-VGG16: Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode:0x4000013),CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: MxNet https://github.com/apache/incubator-mxnet/ -b master da5242b732de39ad47d8ecee582f261ba5935fa9, Compiler: gcc 4.8.5,MKL DNN version: v0.17, SSD-VGG16: https://github.com/apache/incubator-MXNet/blob/master/example/ssd/symbol/vgg16_reduced.py ,BS= 224, Synthetic data, 2 instance/2 socket, 0.0001 mAP accuracy loss , Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2633 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0286.121520181757, CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: MxNet https://github.com/apache/incubator-mxnet/ -b master da5242b732de39ad47d8ecee582f261ba5935fa9, Compiler: gcc 4.8.5,MKL DNN version: v0.17, SSD-VGG16: https://github.com/apache/incubator-MXNet/blob/master/example/ssd/symbol/vgg16_reduced.py ,BS= 224, synthetic Data, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype:FP32

2.2x performance boost with Intel® Optimized Caffe on SSD-Mobilenet v1: Tested by Intel as of 2/20/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode: 0x4000013), Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS, kernel 4.15.0-45-generic, SSD 1x sda Intel® SSDSC2BA80 SSD 745.2GB, 3X INTEL SSDPE2KX040T7 SSD 3.7TB , Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Intel® Optimization for Caffe* version: 1.1.3 (commit hash: 7010334f159da247db3fe3a9d96a3116ca06b09a) , ICC version 18.0.1, MKL DNN version: v0.17 (commit hash: 830a10059a018cd2634d94195140cf2d8790a75a, model: https://github.com/intel/caffe/blob/master/models/intel_optimized_models/int8/ssd_mobilenet_int8.prototxt, BS=64, synthetic Data, 2 instance/2 socket, 0.0096 mAP accuracy loss, Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 2/21/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 192 GB (12 slots/ 16GB/ 2666 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.00.01.0015.110720180833 (ucode: 0x200004d), CentOS 7.5, 3.10.0-693.el7.x86_64, Intel® SSD DC S4500 SERIES SSDSC2KB480G7 2.5’’ 6Gb/s SATA SSD 480G, , Intel® Deep Learning Framework: Intel® Optimization for Caffe* version: 1.1.3 (commit hash: 7010334f159da247db3fe3a9d96a3116ca06b09a) , ICC version 18.0.1, MKL DNN version: v0.17 (commit hash: 830a10059a018cd2634d94195140cf2d8790a75a, model: https://github.com/intel/caffe/blob/master/models/intel_optimized_models/int8/ssd_mobilenet_int8.prototxt, BS=64, synthetic Data, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32

2.1x performance boost with TensorFlow on Wide & Deep: Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode:0x4000013),CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow.git 3262818d9d8f9f630f04df23033032d39a7a413 + Pull Request PR26169 + Pull Request PR26261 + Pull Request PR26271 , PR submitted for upstreaming, Compiler:gcc 6.3.1,MKL DNN version: v0.17, Wide & Deep: https://github.com/IntelAI/models/tree/master/benchmarks/recommendation/tensorflow/wide_deep_large_ds commit: a044cb3e7d2b082aebae2edbe6435e57a2cc1f8f ,BS=512, Criteo Display Advertisement Challenge, 2 instance/2 socket, 0.007% accuracy loss, Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2633 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0286.121520181757, CentOS 7.6, 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow.git 3262818d9d8f9f630f04df23033032d39a7a413 + Pull Request PR26169 + Pull Request PR26261 + Pull Request PR26271 , PR submitted for upstreaming, Compiler:gcc 6.3.1,MKL DNN version: v0.17, Wide & Deep:https://github.com/IntelAI/models/tree/master/benchmarks/recommendation/tensorflow/wide_deep_large_ds a044cb3e7d2b082aebae2edbe6435e57a2cc1f8f, BS= 512, Criteo Display Advertisement Challenge, 2 instance/2 socket,Datatype:FP32

2.1x performance boost with MXNet Wide & Deep: Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280L processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0348.011820191451 (ucode:0x5000017), CentOS 7.6, Kernel 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, SSD 1x INTEL SSDSC2KG96 960GB, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: MXNet https://github.com/apache/incubator-mxnet.git commit f1de8e51999ce3acaa95538d21a91fe43a0286ec applying https://github.com/intel/optimized-models/blob/v1.0.2/mxnet/wide_deep_criteo/patch.diff, Compiler: gcc 6.3.1, MKL DNN version: commit: 08bd90cca77683dd5d1c98068cea8b92ed05784, Wide & Deep: https://github.com/intel/optimized-models/tree/v1.0.2/mxnet/wide_deep_criteo commit: c3e7cbde4209c3657ecb6c9a142f71c3672654a5, Dataset: Criteo Display Advertisement Challenge, Batch Size=1024, 2 instance/2 socket, 0.23% accuracy loss, Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 3/1/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2666 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0286.121520181757 (ucode:0x2000057), CentOS 7.6, Kernel 4.19.5-1.el7.elrepo.x86_64, SSD 1x INTEL SSDSC2KG96 960GB, Intel® Deep Learning Framework: MXNet https://github.com/apache/incubator-mxnet.git commit f1de8e51999ce3acaa95538d21a91fe43a0286ec applying https://github.com/intel/optimized-models/blob/v1.0.2/mxnet/wide_deep_criteo/patch.diff, Compiler: gcc 6.3.1, MKL DNN version: commit: 08bd90cca77683dd5d1c98068cea8b92ed05784, Wide & Deep: https://github.com/intel/optimized-models/tree/v1.0.2/mxnet/wide_deep_criteo commit: c3e7cbde4209c3657ecb6c9a142f71c3672654a5, Dataset: Criteo Display Advertisement Challenge, Batch Size=1024, 2 instance/2 socket, Datatype:FP32

OpenVINO™ Toolkit5 Inference Throughput Performance

AI at the edge is opening up new possibilities in every industry, from predicting machine failures to personalizing retail. With the OpenVINO™ toolkit, businesses can take advantage of near real-time insights to help make better decisions, faster. The OpenVINO™ toolkit allows your business to implement computer vision and deep learning solutions quickly and effectively across multiple applications.

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Configuration Details

2.4x performance boost with OpenVINO™ toolkit on SqueezeNet v1.1: Tested by Intel as of 1/30/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode:0x4000013), Linux-4.15.0-43-generic-x86_64-with-debian-buster-sid, Compiler: gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-27ubuntu1~18.04) 7.3.0, Deep Learning Deployment Toolkit (DLDT): OpenVINO™ toolkit R5.01, SqueezeNet v1.1: https://github.com/opencv/open_model_zoo/blob/master/model_downloader/list_topologies.yml, BS=64, Imagenet, 1 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 1/30/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 192 GB (12 slots/ 16GB/ 2633 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605, Linux-4.15.0-29-generic-x86_64-with-Ubuntu-18.04-bionic, Compiler: gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-27ubuntu1~18.04) 7.3.0, Deep Learning Deployment Toolkit (DLDT): OpenVINO™ toolkit R5 (DLDTK Version:1.0.19154), SqueezeNet v1.1: https://github.com/opencv/open_model_zoo/blob/master/model_downloader/list_topologies.yml ,Imagenet images , 1 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32 (BS=16)

3.1x performance boost with OpenVino™ toolkit on MobileNet v1: Tested by Intel as of 1/30/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode:0x4000013), Linux-4.15.0-43-generic-x86_64-with-debian-buster-sid, Compiler: gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-27ubuntu1~18.04) 7.3.0, Deep Learning Deployment Toolkit (DLDT): OpenVINO™ toolkit R5.01, MobileNet v1: https://github.com/opencv/open_model_zoo/blob/master/model_downloader/list_topologies.yml, BS=64, Imagenet, 1 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 1/30/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 192 GB (12 slots/ 16GB/ 2633 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605, Linux-4.15.0-29-generic-x86_64-with-Ubuntu-18.04-bionic, Compiler: gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-27ubuntu1~18.04) 7.3.0, Deep Learning Deployment Toolkit (DLDT): OpenVINO™ toolkit R5 (DLDTK Version:1.0.19154), MobileNet v1: https://github.com/opencv/open_model_zoo/blob/master/model_downloader/list_topologies.yml, Imagenet, 1 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32 (BS=16)

3.2x performance boost with OpenVINO™ toolkit on Inception v4 :Tested by Intel as of 1/30/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode:0x4000013), Linux-4.15.0-43-generic-x86_64-with-debian-buster-sid, Compiler: gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-27ubuntu1~18.04) 7.3.0, Deep Learning Deployment Toolkit (DLDT): OpenVINO™ toolkit R5.01, Inception v4: https://github.com/opencv/open_model_zoo/blob/master/model_downloader/list_topologies.yml, BS=128, Imagenet, 1 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 1/30/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 192 GB (12 slots/ 16GB/ 2633 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605, Linux-4.15.0-29-generic-x86_64-with-Ubuntu-18.04-bionic, Compiler: gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-27ubuntu1~18.04) 7.3.0, Deep Learning Deployment Toolkit (DLDT): OpenVINO™ toolkit R5 (DLDTK Version:1.0.19154), Inception v4: https://github.com/opencv/open_model_zoo/blob/master/model_downloader/list_topologies.yml Imagenet, 1 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32 (BS=16)

3.9x performance boost with OpenVINO™ toolkit ResNet-50: Tested by Intel as of 1/30/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8280 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 384 GB (12 slots/ 32GB/ 2933 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605 (ucode:0x4000013), Linux-4.15.0-43-generic-x86_64-with-debian-buster-sid, Compiler: gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-27ubuntu1~18.04) 7.3.0, Deep Learning Deployment Toolkit (DLDT): OpenVINO™ toolkit R5 (DLDTK Version:1.0.19154 , AIXPRT CP (Community Preview) benchmark (https://www.principledtechnologies.com/benchmarkxprt/aixprt/) BS=64, Imagenet images, 1 instance/2 socket, Datatype: INT8 vs Tested by Intel as of 1/30/2019. 2 socket Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 processor, 28 cores HT On Turbo ON Total Memory 192 GB (12 slots/ 16GB/ 2633 MHz), BIOS: SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0271.120720180605, Linux-4.15.0-29-generic-x86_64-with-Ubuntu-18.04-bionic, Compiler: gcc (Ubuntu 7.3.0-27ubuntu1~18.04) 7.3.0, Deep Learning Deployment Toolkit (DLDT): OpenVINO™ toolkit R5 (DLDTK Version:1.0.19154), AIXPRT CP (Community Preview) benchmark (https://www.principledtechnologies.com/benchmarkxprt/aixprt/) BS=64, Imagenet images, 1 instance/2 socket, Datatype: FP32

產品與效能資訊

1

運用 Intel® Deep Learning Boost (Intel® DL Boost) 的 Intel® Xeon® Platinum 9282 處理器,推斷輸送量提高 30 倍:依據 Intel 截至 2019 年 2 月 26 日所做之測試。平台:Dragon rock 2 插槽 Intel® Xeon® Platinum 9282(每一插槽 56 核心),開啟超執行緒,開啟渦輪加速,總記憶體 768 GB(24 插槽/ 32 GB/ 2933 MHz),BIOS:SE5C620.86B.0D.01.0241.112020180249,CentOS 7 Kernel 3.10.0-957.5.1.el7.x86_64,深度學習框架:適用於以下 Caffe* 版本的 Intel® 最佳化:https://github.com/intel/caffe d554cbf1,ICC 2019.2.187,MKL DNN 版本:v0.17(認可雜湊:830a10059a018cd2634d94195140cf2d8790a75a),型號:https://github.com/intel/caffe/blob/master/models/intel_optimized_models/int8/resnet50_int8_full_conv.prototxt,BS=64,無資料層 syntheticData:3x224x224,56 執行個體/2 插槽,資料類型:INT8;相較於依據 Intel 截至 2017 年 7 月 11 日所做之測試:2S Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8180 處理器 CPU @ 2.50GHz(28 核心),停用超執行緒,停用渦輪加速,擴充管理員透過 intel_pstate 驅動程式設定為「performance」,384GB DDR4-2666 ECC RAM。CentOS Linux* 版本 7.3.1611 (Core),Linux* 核心 3.10.0-514.10.2.el7.x86_64。固態硬碟機:Intel® SSD Data Center S3700 系列(800GB,2.5 吋 SATA 6Gb/s,25 奈米,MLC)。效能測量使用:環境變數:KMP_AFFINITY='granularity=fine, compact‘, OMP_NUM_THREADS=56,CPU 頻率設定為 CPU 功率 frequency-set -d 2.5G -u 3.8G -g performance。Caffe:(http://github.com/intel/caffe/),修訂版 f96b759f71b2281835f690af267158b82b150b5c。推斷以「caffe time --forward_only」指令測量;訓練以「caffe time」指令測量。對於「ConvNet」拓撲,使用綜合資料集。對於其他拓撲,在訓練前,資料儲存於本機儲存裝置上,並在記憶體中快取。拓撲規格來自於 https://github.com/intel/caffe/tree/master/models/intel_optimized_models(ResNet-50)。Intel® C++ 編譯器版本 17.0.2 20170213,Intel® 數學核心程式庫小型程式庫版本 2018.0.20170425。Caffe 以「numactl -l」執行。

2

效能結果係依組態中所示日期的測試為準,且可能無法反映所有公開可用的安全性更新。請查看組態公開資料以獲得詳細資訊。沒有產品或元件能提供絕對的安全性。

3

效能測試中使用的軟體與工作負載可能僅針對 Intel® 微處理器進行最佳化。包括 SYSmark* 與 MobileMark* 在內的效能測試是使用特定電腦系統、零組件、軟體、作業與功能進行量測。這些因素若有任何異動,均可能導致測得結果產生變化。建議您參考其他資訊與效能測試數據,協助您充分評估欲購買產品的性能,包括該產品在搭配其他產品運作時的效能。如需詳細資訊,請參閱 www.intel.com.tw/benchmarks

4

最佳化公告:對於不是 Intel® 微處理器特有的最佳化,用於非 Intel 微處理器時,Intel 的編譯器可能會,也可能不會最佳化到同樣程度。這些最佳化包括 Intel® 串流 SIMD 擴充指令集 2 (Intel® SSE2)、Intel® SSE3、增補串流 SIMD 擴充指令集 3 (SSSE3) 等指令集,也包括其他最佳化。對於任何最佳化,用於並非由 Intel 製造的微處理器,Intel 不保證最佳化的可用性、功能性或效力。在本產品中取決於微處理器的最佳化,乃是為了用於 Intel 微處理器而設計。某些最佳化並非專門針對 Intel® 微架構,而是保留給 Intel 微處理器。關於本公告所涉及的具體指令集,如需詳細資訊,請參閱適用產品的使用指南與參考指南。公告修訂版編號 20110804。

5

OpenVINO 與 OpenVINO 圖誌是 Intel 公司或其子公司在美國及/或其它國家的商標。